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Monday, April 25, 2011

Day trip to Apolonia N.P–

The spring is in full swing and we grabbed the opportunity to do some outdoor activities and visit the Apolonia N.P just around the corner where we live and on a cliff facing the Mediterranean Sea, these guys new what we know now –Location,Location,Location.

When I looked at the literature before we left home I realized that  in a country big as New Jersey we have 57 Parks & National Parks….amazing take a look

http://www.parks.org.il/BuildaGate5/general2/company_search_tree.php?mc=378~All

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To day we picked to explore Apollonia N.P ,here is some back ground as it appears on its web:

In 1191 BC, a decisive battle was fought at the very place that today is the latest addition to Israel's National Park System. For 18 successive centuries it was inhabited. The place is known as, Apollonia, or Tel Arsuf. In 1191 the Crusaders triumphant win at this spot, established their reign in the Holy- Land for another 100 years. The park is conveniently located on the coast, just a 15- minute drive from Tel Aviv and less than five minutes from Herzeliya Pituach, between two other ancient ports, Jaffa and Caesarea.

This is not the only archaeological site in Israel that is situated on the coast. However, planners of this park have managed to work around existing ruins and use the natural landscape to create a truly unique experience.

The city of Apollonia and its fort were situated on the cliffs of the Sharon plain, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. On the way to view the fort, visitors to the park walk along a path that literally hugs the edge of the cliff. The path offers a spectacular view of the coast.

Phoenicians established the first settlement in the sixth century and people settled in this area 2,500 years ago. The Phoenicians were descendants of the early Canaanites (who inhabited the coast of modern-day Lebanon), and the Sea People who invaded Lebanon. During their day they were considered to be most knowledgeable in maritime technology and astronomy, which enabled them to trade various commodities from far away places. Like at Dor (further up the coast), the local inhabitants used the sea to make Tyrian purple, a precious dye used by royalty. It was extracted from mollusks, which were abundant along the coast.

The Phoenicians named the settlement along the coastal plain Arshof, (for Resheph, their War and Thunder god). In the Hellenistic period the city was re-named Apollonia, as the Greeks identified Resheph with Apollo.

During the Roman era (First - Third centuries BC) the settlement developed into a real city and reached its height during the Byzantine era. In the Fifth and Sixth centuries the city was named Sozousa and served as the Episcopal See of Palaestina prima. During this time it served as the primary port city of the Southern Sharon – and was an unfortified city. The residents utilized underground (rain) water reservoirs for their water supply and the city had an elaborate glass making industry, as well as wine and olive presses.

In 640 CE the Muslims gained control of the city and erected an outer wall around a portion of the city. The city's size decreased significantly, from 70acres/280 dunam to 22.5 acres/90 dunam. By 1099, the Crusaders had conquered Jerusalem and deployed to Arsuf, but failed to capture it.

Baldwin I succeeded in conquering the city, in the spring of 1101 – with the Genoese fleet. Once again the city's name was changed, this time Arsour and a large castle was built in the northern section of the city. In 1265 the Mamluk sultan Baybars, conquered the city and made the Crusaders raze the city and the fort, which lay in ruins until the excavations began in 1996.

 

 

 

Thank you for visiting,till we meet again.

3 comments:

Contessa said...

Love the photos. Thanks for sharing them as well as the history of the area.

wheelingit said...

Looks like a gorgeous area! Nina

suebobl said...

What a busy pace you guys maintain! Glad to see that Oren is looking the picture of health. Bob and I are preparing to leave for northern US at the end of this month. Our trip will be cut short due to Bob's 50th high school reunion in September. Best wishes to you both and safe travels.
Susan and Bob Lyle